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How To Do Crypto Taxes Yourself: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you one of the many crypto investors who are unsure of how to navigate the murky waters of crypto taxes? Fret not, for you have come to the right place.

In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the basics of crypto taxes and provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to do your own crypto taxes.

First, it is important to understand that the IRS considers cryptocurrencies to be property, not currency. This means that every time you buy, sell, or trade cryptocurrency, you are potentially creating a taxable event.

With the rise of cryptocurrencies, the IRS has become increasingly vigilant in enforcing tax laws related to them. As such, it is crucial for every crypto investor to stay compliant and file their taxes accurately.

In this article, we will show you how to do just that.

Understanding the Basics of Crypto Taxes

To gain a solid comprehension of the fundamentals of cryptocurrency taxation, you’ll need to familiarize yourself with the basics of tax law and the tax implications of buying, selling, and trading cryptocurrencies.

One of the crucial things to understand is that cryptocurrencies are considered property for tax purposes. This means that any gains or losses made from buying, selling, or trading cryptocurrencies are taxable events that must be reported to the government.

Another thing to consider is the tax implications for mining cryptocurrency. If you mine cryptocurrency as a hobby, any profits made from this activity are considered taxable income and must be reported on your tax return.

On the other hand, if you mine cryptocurrency as a business, you may be eligible for deductions to offset your mining expenses. It’s essential to keep meticulous records of your mining activity to accurately report any income or deductions on your tax return.

Using crypto tax software can also help you accurately calculate your tax liability and ensure that you’re complying with all tax regulations.

Tracking Your Crypto Transactions

In order to accurately report your digital currency transactions to the IRS, it’s crucial to keep a detailed record of every buy, sell, exchange, and transfer you make.

This can be a daunting task, but fortunately, there are several options available to make it easier. One option is to use crypto tax software, which can automatically track your transactions and generate tax reports. Most of these software options are affordable and user-friendly, making it simple to stay on top of your taxes.

If you prefer a more hands-off approach, you can consider hiring a tax professional who specializes in cryptocurrency taxes. They can help you navigate the complex tax laws and ensure that you’re accurately reporting your transactions.

They can also provide guidance on deductions, exemptions, and other tax-saving strategies. However, be prepared to pay a higher fee for their services.

Regardless of which option you choose, tracking your crypto transactions is a crucial step in staying compliant with IRS regulations and avoiding penalties.

Calculating Your Gains and Losses

You’re probably wondering how to figure out your profits and losses from your cryptocurrency investments – it’s time to calculate those gains and losses!

First, you need to determine your cost basis, which is the original price you paid for the cryptocurrency. This can be a bit tricky since the market is constantly changing, but you can use exchange records or your own records to figure it out.

Once you have your cost basis, you can subtract it from the sale price to calculate your gains or losses. If you’re having trouble calculating your gains and losses, don’t worry – there are resources available to help you out.

Tax software like TurboTax or CoinTracker can help you easily calculate your gains and losses and generate tax reports. You can also seek professional help from a tax advisor or accountant who specializes in cryptocurrency taxes. They can help you navigate any complex tax laws and ensure that you’re accurately reporting your gains and losses.

Choosing the Right Tax Forms

Selecting the appropriate tax forms is crucial when it comes to reporting your gains and losses from cryptocurrency investments. Common mistakes include using the wrong form or not reporting all of your transactions. To prevent these errors, it’s important to understand which forms are necessary for your specific situation.

The most common tax forms for crypto investors are Form 8949 and Schedule D. Form 8949 is used to report all capital asset transactions, including cryptocurrency trades. Schedule D is used to summarize the information on Form 8949 and calculate your overall capital gains or losses.

There are also specific forms for reporting income from mining or staking, as well as for foreign accounts holding large amounts of cryptocurrency. While it can be overwhelming to navigate these forms, there are tax software options available that can help simplify the process. It’s important to choose a reputable software and carefully review all of the data before submitting your tax return.

Tips for Staying Compliant and Avoiding Audits

To make sure you have a smooth tax season and avoid any potential audits, here are some helpful tips for staying compliant with the IRS when reporting your cryptocurrency investments.

Firstly, make sure to keep detailed records of all your cryptocurrency transactions, including the date, type, and value of each transaction. This information will be necessary when filling out your tax forms and will help you accurately report your gains or losses.

Additionally, you should keep all receipts, invoices, and other documentation related to your cryptocurrency investments, as this will help you claim any tax deductions that you may be eligible for.

Secondly, consider using cryptocurrency tax software to help you stay organized and accurately report your taxes. These software programs can automatically calculate your gains and losses, generate tax forms, and even provide you with tax-saving tips. However, make sure to thoroughly research and choose a reputable software program that is compatible with your specific cryptocurrency investments.

By following these tips and staying organized throughout the year, you can avoid any potential issues and stay compliant with the IRS when reporting your cryptocurrency taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I deduct my cryptocurrency losses from my regular income taxes?

If you’ve suffered losses from your cryptocurrency investments, you may be wondering if you can deduct them from your regular income taxes. The answer is yes, but it’s important to understand the tax implications for cryptocurrency staking and the capital gains calculation.

In general, losses from the sale or exchange of cryptocurrency can be deducted from your taxable income up to a certain limit. However, if you’re staking your cryptocurrency, you may need to pay taxes on the rewards you receive.

It’s important to keep accurate records of your transactions and consult with a tax professional if you have any questions or concerns.

How do I report cryptocurrency mining income on my tax return?

To report cryptocurrency mining income on your tax return, you can use cryptocurrency tax software to calculate your gains and losses.

It’s important to note that cryptocurrency mining income is considered ordinary income, subject to self-employment tax if you’re mining as a business.

If you’re staking crypto, the tax implications can be complex as it may be considered taxable income or a capital gain.

It’s crucial to keep thorough records and consult with a tax professional to ensure you’re accurately reporting your cryptocurrency mining income and any tax implications of staking crypto.

Do I need to report cryptocurrency gifts or donations on my tax return?

When it comes to cryptocurrency, it’s important to know the tax implications of not just buying and selling, but also gifting and inheriting.

If you receive cryptocurrency as a gift or inheritance, you may need to report it on your tax return. Cryptocurrency inheritance reporting can be complex and it’s important to keep accurate records of the value at the time of inheritance.

Additionally, if you receive cryptocurrency through airdrops, you may also need to report this as income on your tax return.

It’s important to stay informed about the tax implications of cryptocurrency to avoid any potential legal issues down the line.

What happens if I don’t report my cryptocurrency gains and losses on my tax return?

If you don’t report your cryptocurrency gains and losses on your tax return, you could face potential legal consequences and it may also negatively impact your credit score.

The IRS views cryptocurrency as property, meaning any gains or losses should be reported on your tax return just like any other investments. Failing to do so could result in fines, penalties, and even criminal charges.

Additionally, if you don’t report your crypto gains and losses, it could raise red flags for lenders and creditors, potentially leading to a lower credit score.

It’s important to stay compliant with tax laws and report all cryptocurrency activity to avoid these negative consequences.

How do I handle cryptocurrency transactions that occurred before I became a US citizen or resident?

If you’ve traded cryptocurrency before becoming a US citizen or resident, you’ll need to consider the tax implications for non-residents.

International transactions can be complex, so it’s best to consult a tax professional who has experience with these types of transactions. You may be subject to different tax laws and regulations depending on the country where the transaction occurred, so it’s crucial to have someone who can guide you through the process.

Failure to report these transactions could result in penalties and legal consequences, so it’s essential to handle them correctly.


Congratulations, you’ve successfully navigated the complex world of crypto taxes! By understanding the basics of crypto taxes, tracking your transactions, calculating your gains and losses, and choosing the right tax forms, you’ve taken important steps towards staying compliant and avoiding audits.

But your work isn’t done yet. To stay on top of your crypto taxes, it’s important to continue to educate yourself on any updates or changes to tax laws.

Additionally, make sure to keep detailed records of all your crypto transactions and consult with a tax professional if you have any questions or concerns.

By following these tips and staying proactive with your crypto taxes, you can enjoy the benefits of the crypto world without any added stress or headaches come tax season.

Good luck!

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